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Reform Support Unit

Education & Literacy Department

Government of Sindh

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SERP-II (Sindh Education Reform Program-II)

About Sindh Education Sector Reform Project (SERP II)

The Sindh government initiated a major, multifaceted, medium-term sector reform program for primary and secondary education called the Sindh Education Sector Reform Program (SERP) and the World Bank provided financial support to SERP between Fiscal Year 2006/07 to 2011/12.

The Second Sindh Education Sector Reform Project (SERP II) is not simply the second phase of SERP. It has drawn lessons from its SERP implementation experience to arrive at a reworked next version. Recognizing that markedly improving the quality of service delivery hinges on intensifying its efforts to strengthen sector governance and accountability, the Sindh government will

  1. Continue to carry forward (and strengthen) successful governance and accountability initiatives under SERP
  2. Integrate in other complementary governance and accountability initiatives

The SERP-II project supports selected governance, accountability, and system improvement activities in SERP II in order to help the Sindh government improve the quality of service delivery and, thereby, increase child school participation.

The objective of the Second Sindh Education Sector Project for Pakistan is to raise school participation by improving sector governance and accountability and strengthening administrative systems, and measure student achievement.

The following are SERP-II programs which are currently underway:

# Program Name/Subprogram Description
1 Program budget and expenditure management Preparation of sound budgets for primary and secondary education and SERP-II initiatives and ensuring that budgetary releases and expenditures are made in full and on a timely basis.
2 Annual School Census (ASC) Administration of the ASC on a regular basis, accompanied by strengthened administrative arrangements, procedures, and practices to improve data reliability.
3 Student Achievement Test (SAT) Administration of the SAT on a regular basis, accompanied by third-party review to strengthen the reliability and validity of the test results and the responsible use and dissemination of test results.
4 School budgets: Preparation of school budgets, both salary and non-salary components, following transparent, objective, and needs-based criteria; and third-party support to the districts for managing and monitoring the flow and use of school budgets in line with applicable rules and regulations.
5 School Management Committees (SMCs) Stronger due diligence and financial management controls; improved communication of expectations, roles, responsibilities, and redressal avenues to all key parties; support services offered by regions and districts to SMCs; and increasing grant use in line with applicable rules and regulations.
6 School system consolidation Merging of distinct government schools that share the same building, same compound, or are in close proximity and cater to the same local child population into single schools and their reorganization and strengthening to function as single schools.
7 School infrastructure development Investments in (i) the whole school development of schools with infrastructure deficiencies, (ii) upgradation of primary schools to elementary schools, and (iii) consolidated schools, following objective, transparent, and needs-based criteria; compliance with stipulated construction quality and school design specifications; third-party screening, support, monitoring, and certification of construction completion and quality; and pilot interventions on specific school environmental enhancements.
8 Incentive- and accountability-based public financing of the private provision of schooling Incremental expansion of the SEF PPRS program; regularization of program financing; strengthened administrative and monitoring systems; strengthened design and enforcement of incentive and accountability conditions to improve school performance; and strengthen program qualification criteria and the rigor of procedures and practices to screen rural localities for program school placement.
9 Education management Appointment of education managers and school headmasters following transparent, objective, merit-based criteria and rigorous mechanisms; contracts with performance terms and conditions; induction training, job guidelines, management materials and tools; and a tailored annual performance evaluation process (within the government’s standard performance evaluation system).
10 Teacher management Strengthened merit- and needs-based teacher recruitment arrangements, procedures, and practices; teacher contracts with performance terms and conditions; induction training, job guidelines, teaching materials and tools; and a tailored annual performance evaluation process (within the government’s standard performance evaluation system).

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