There have been three key systemic impediments which have kept the Sindh Education Sector from performing to its optimum capacity.
- Poor incentives and capacity for systematic and strategic planning and effective implementation
- Minimal monitoring and accountability of service delivery agents for implementation integrity and performance
- System capture by insiders and other special interest groups that prefer the status quo.
At the school level, these challenges have contributed to high teacher absenteeism and low student attendance (girls and boys), as well as other inefficiencies. These trends appear immune to existing accountability mechanisms. Through establishing independent monitoring system these obstacles are addressed to great level. These independent monitors are being headed by the Directorate General of Monitoring and Evaluation under World Bank Technical Assistance (WB TA).
The monitoring and evaluation wing was set up in the Education and Literacy Department to ensure full transparency within the department. Through this, students’ enrollment and teachers’ presence will be tracked. Under this initiative District Monitoring Units are being established. Independent monitors have also been recruited and are being given induction training. M & E will help address the issues of teacher absenteeism and raise the student enrollment.